Writing Phase – Getting Down to the Real Job



Yes, let’s write. Now that you have done the pre-writing tasks, it is time for you to get down to the core of the assignment. That is to write your essay. Writing your essay can be an interesting task for some of you but just a chore for others. This depends on your disposition towards writing.


Yet, even if you are not a major fanatic of essay writing, it is always useful to summon all your interest to the task. This interest and enthusiasm will reflect in the essay you write and usually such writing is rewarded with better grades. So, let’s get down to the business of learning how to write an essay well.


If you have followed up on all the activities of the pre-writing phase, then you will have the following in hand to start off the writing:


•  An appropriate topic

•  A working title

•  An essay structure

•  Content material for the essay


If all of these are in order, then you can start the writing the essay.



When you write an essay, it needs to have a proper structure. This requires your essay to have an introduction, body and conclusion. Each of these components has a specific job to perform in the essay and each of they are equally important to the success of the essay.



This should open with a catchy phrase, an attention grabbing statement, a startling fact or a controversial statement, to name a few. The opening statement should simply be something that gains the reader’s attention and make them want to read on. Next couple of sentences in the introduction can elaborate on the topic and the main topics which would be addressed within the essay body.


The next is the thesis statement. This is a part which most students struggle with or are completely unaware of. The thesis statement of the essay outlines the central theme or the point of view being presented in the essay. It is usually written as a precise, encompassing one line at the end of the introduction.


Body of the essay

The essay body contains the main points that are being used to establish the central theme outlined by the thesis. Depending on the scope and length of the essay, the number of points being discussed will differ. In a five paragraph essay for instance, there will be three key points within the body. Each key point should be discussed within a separate paragraph.


Each paragraph must open with a topic sentence that makes it clear to the reader, what that paragraph will be about. The key points will need to be supported by evidence being cited from theory as well as practice. This is where the data gathered and organized at the pre-writing phase will come in to use. It is always better to have a transition line at the end of each paragraph that creates proper flow through the essay.


The body paragraphs are generally organized as per the order of priority of the points being addressed. The most important point is usually discussed first.



Once all the key points have been addressed in the body of the essay, the conclusion of the essay should be written. Most students make the mistake of penning in few lines or sometimes just a single line to bring the essay to a close. Some even forget about a single line and write no conclusion at all. This however, is a cardinal crime in essay writing. Everyone who knows how to write an essay fully recognize the need for a punchy ending.


Just as the introduction is responsible for gaining the attention of the reader, the conclusion is responsible for holding the reader’s attention, even after finishing the reading. An essay conclusion should be precise and memorably stated to leave a lasting imprint in the minds of the readers.


Once you have written all these important sections of your essay, your writing phase comes to a close. But remember, this does not mean that your essay writing is complete. Take a break and move on to the last phase of the essay writing, which is Post-writing.